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The Siege of Havana: The Morro Castle Approach
Havana June 9th-24th, 1762
June 9th

The enemy had already sunk two very large men of war, and was preparing a third. Many people were at work at the Morro, which fort appeared a very irregular fortifications towards the sea, but not so to the land, built on a rock that was scarped 18 or 20 feet down, and had many faliant angles heaped with cannon en barbette.
The east side is regular, with deep dich, and the glacis continued by an artificial one to the cliffs on the sea-side. -On the whole, it appeared possible to be attacked (though with some disadvantage) by the sea, providing the ships were not exposed to the fire of the Puntal fort and batteries on the western side, and that such a diversion from the ships would facilitate our approaches.
We began to encamp along the shore, between Cojimar and The Morro, having a thick wood between us and the foot of the glacis of The Morro.

June 10th

Numbers of the oxen and horses were brought in from Guanamacoa side, which afforded a pleasing prospect of supplies of that kind: some light canon, stores and provisions, began to be landed.
The enemy had sunk a third man of war in the entrance of their port; and the Admiral sent two ships against a small castle at the entrance of Corea river, which was soon reduced, and gave our ships a fine watering place, where part of the marines were landed for its security.

June 11th

Colonel Carlton attacked and took possession of the heights of the Cavannas, where the enemy had cleared away some ground, intending a redoubt.
As these heights partly commanded the Morro, but enterely the town and harbour; this attack was conducted with that skill and bravery, which Colonel Carlton has manifested on many occasions, and the lots he had in the attack is scarce to be mentioned.

June 12th

Two hoetzers were getting on the Cavannas to prevent the enemy`s shipping from placing themselves to annoy our working parties.
Some stranglers of the enemy`s dragoons, and mounted peasants, lurked about the woods, and took several seamen belonging to our transports, who were plundering and maroding, and which no orders or threats could prevent. Heavy cannon were landing today, and heavy work it was to get them over the rocky shore.

June 13th

The marines were mostly sent down to the Admiral, who had anchored off Chorera with the Ships.
The seamen were employed in cutting us a road through the woods, making fascines and in getting cannon and stores ashore

June 14th

Colonel Howe was sent down to Chorera side, with about 1800 men, to post themselves on that side of the town in order to divert the enemy on that side, to cut off their communications with the country, and to turn the course of some rivers that went into the town.

June 15th

Colonel Carlton with Captain Elphinston, were sent with a flag of truce to deliver a letter to the governor; but he refusing to let those officers deliver it in person, they returned: but it was delivered the next day- several mortars come on shore.
The hoetzer were mounted; and the enemy being quiet, it was not thought proper to draw their fire on our working men, whose operations were much retarded by the continental rains.

June 16th,17th, 18th and 19th

These days the rains were not so heavy, nor so continued, and the batteries went on; though want of earth was a great retardment. The Seamen were landing the cannon and stores; and our people worked so laboriously that it sometimes cost us two or three men a day, who died on the spot from mere heat and fatigue.

June 20th

The enemy opened some more embrasures on one of the bastions of the Morro, from which they fired grape-shop, and much annoyed our people in the woods. The detachment with General Elliot, aat Guanamacoa made some excursions about the country but to little effect, as the enemy would never suffer them to come near.

June 21th, 22th, 23th and 24th

The army was obliged to be supplied with water from the ships for want of rains, which was a great distress to us as well as great labour to the navy.
-A bomb- battery down by the sea-side was opened the 22d with great success on the Morro, having three mortars and twenty royals that kept a continual firing on the enemy; and was chiefly intended to draw the enemy`s fire from the workmen at the battery -Another battery of four pieces of cannon on our left was proposed for our engineer; and the hoetzers were fired the 24th against the ships in the harbour, which obliged them to remove next day.

by a British officer, from An Authentic Journal of the Siege of Havana
Article ID 91
First Article 92 of 765 Last
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