The first version says that the Venezuelan general Narciso Lopez
, made in 1848 the first serious attempt to help Cuba break away from Spanish rule. He carried `La Estrella Solitaria` -`The Lone Star`-banner, Cuba`s present flag. (While he was having important meetings on the revolution
, his wife embroidered it). His attempt was not successful; only in 1902 Cuba became an independent republic and Lopez`s flag was adopted as the official flag.
The three blue stripes are the symbols of the original three provinces. The triangle is a maso
nic symbol, here signifying liberty, equality and fraternity. The red color is for the blood sacrificed by the Cuban
The other version is in the year 1849. It was a steamy hot day in New York City and General Narciso Lopez
, of Venezuelan origin, had joined the fight for Cuba`s independence. Exhausted from planning all that was entailed in bringing Revolution to Cuba, he sat a local park, and quickly fell asleep. He was concerned about the pending arrival in Cuba. He felt a flag was necessary to add patriotic fervor to the endeavor. When he awoke in the park, the colors of the splendorous sky allowed him to envision the would-be flag. Full of emotion, he went to his friend, a poet and soon-to-be patriot, Miguel Teurbe Tolon, who incorporated Narciso`s ideas and designed the flag which was later sewn by Emilia Teurbe Tolon.
And so it was: Three light blue stripes, later changed to ocean blue, representing Cuba`s three sections at the time, Western, Central and Eastern. The two white stripes representing the purity and justice of the patriotic liberators` motives. While the lone white star within the equilateral red traingle represents the unity of our people upon the blood spilled by our revolution
When Cuba became independent from Spain on May 20, 1902, Cespedes
Flag was officially designated the flag of the city of his birth: Bayamo
, Oriente, and the flag which Venezuelan-born, Cuban
patriot, Narciso López flew in the city of Cárdenas on May 19, 1850, was officially designated the Cuban
national flag. In honor of Cespedes
and the bravery of the residents of Bayamo
, who during the 10 Year War burned the prosperous city to the ground and moved to the forrest rather than surrender it to the Spaniards, Bayamo
was proclaimed a `National Monument` and from then on would have its name proceeded by the initials M.N. for `Monumento Nacional.` Since Cuba gained independence from Spain, the flag of Bayamo
is displayed alongside the Cuban
national flag at official ceremonies and events.