In traditional history studies it is without doubt that Christopher Columbus
, on the 28th October 1492, landed in Bariay
, a bay in the north east of Cuba, in the actual Holguin province.
This is said in the huge literatures about this time. Numerous eminent historians, geographers, archaeologists during many years have tried to prove it, and this is what most people believe.
To confirm it or deny it, is not easy.
The original Admiral diaries disappeared along with any copies. What we know now is a Bartolome de las Casas
version, who probably had access to these documents. But we can suppose too that there are quite deliberate changes and lost texts.
And if this is not enough, there are many appreciation mistakes and things too difficult to explain about many routes, distances and calculations. This can be explained because in the discovery period there was a magnetic declination that affected them.
We need to research deeply in the Admirals texts, trying to find definitive proofs. Christopher Columbus
wrote that in his first port, called by him, San Salvador, he only saw 2 houses, where he could find fishing tools and described beautiful mountains like la Peña de los Enamorados.
Contemporary archaeologists tell us about incredible coincidences about the Columbus tale, where they found Bariay
But others notice the amazing similarity between that zone and an area called Peña de Antequera, in Malaga, Spain.
But not everything agrees with the narrations. The renowned
sailor talks about 12 fathoms of deep water (about 20
metres) that Bariay
has not. When he navigates to the west from this point, to one legua, he watched another bay called Rio de la Luna, that will be the actual Jururú, located only one kilometre from Baray.
Columbus arrived on the 28th of October in 1492, at night, to a second port, dominated by Río de Mares.
People today who think that Bariay
was San Salvador, and affirm that Río de Mares is actually Gibara, don’t realise that in these places you cannot see the discoverer descriptions, or the depths he made in this bay.
During some days, Columbus stayed in Rio de Mares. He offers a big quantity of precise details about this place, that curiously coincide with the actual Manati Bay. In his second arrival in Cuban
lands, we could believe that San Salvador is the actual Puerto Padre, where have been found 12 fathom of depth, and to a mile in the west, the Malagueta Bay and a wonderful mountain horizons, where probably the Admiral said one of his most remembered sentences:
“esta es la tierra mas hermosa que ojos humanos vieron” (this is the most beautiful land that human eyes have ever seen).